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welfare in America

 
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PostWysłany: Nie 12:12, 28 Wrz 2008    Temat postu: welfare in America



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PostWysłany: Nie 12:14, 28 Wrz 2008    Temat postu:

TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY FAMILIES - ACTIVE CASES

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF TANF FAMILIES BY ETHNICITY/RACE
OCTOBER 2005 - SEPTEMBER 2006

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PostWysłany: Nie 12:16, 28 Wrz 2008    Temat postu:

Hence if we take into account that Whites are 70% of the population and Blacks are 12% and Hispanics are 14% it would mean
that Blacks are 6.23 more likely to be on TANF than (non-Hispanic) Whites and that Hispanics are 3.875 times more likely to be on TANF than Whites. The only bright spot for non-Whites appears to be among Asians which are roughly 12% less likely to receive TANF than non-Hispanic Whites.
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PostWysłany: Nie 12:17, 28 Wrz 2008    Temat postu:

The Food Stamp Program is a Federally funded program that helps low-income people buy the food they need for good health. For most households, food stamps are only part of their food budget, they must spend some of their own cash along with their food stamps benefits in order to buy enough food for a month.

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PostWysłany: Nie 12:55, 28 Wrz 2008    Temat postu:

About 1 in 3, or 1.9 million, Black mothers of childbearing ages were food stamp recipients, compared with 1 in 9, or 3.2 million
White mothers.
Hispanic origin: One in four (or 1.1 million) Hispanic mothers aged 15 to 44 were getting food stamps



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PostWysłany: Nie 12:56, 28 Wrz 2008    Temat postu:

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PostWysłany: Nie 12:58, 28 Wrz 2008    Temat postu:

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PostWysłany: Sob 0:36, 06 Cze 2009    Temat postu: One in nine Americans on food stamps, USDA says

Wed Jun 3, 5:38 pm ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – One in nine Americans are using federal food stamps to help buy groceries as the country's deep recession forced another 591,000 people onto the federal anti-hunger program at latest count.

Enrollment jumped 2 percent to 33.2 million people in March, the fourth consecutive month that rolls hit a record, said the Agriculture Department. The average monthly benefit was $113.87 per person.
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PostWysłany: Pią 11:27, 19 Paź 2012    Temat postu:

Welfare spending jumps 32% during Obama’s presidency

People wait in line to enter the Northern Brooklyn Food Stamp and DeKalb Job Center, Friday, Feb. 24, 2012 in New York. The state of the nation's economy is a dominant issue in this presidential election year. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)
In this photo provided by the Michigan Lottery, Amanda Clayton holds her $1 million lottery check. The state says Clayton who won a $1 million lottery prize but continued to get food stamps has been removed from a food assistance program. (AP Photo/Courtesy Michigan Lottery via Detroit Free Press) DETROIT NEWS OUT; AOL OUT

In this Sept. 15, 2011 photo, Bill Ricker, 74, looks out the screen door of his trailer home on a rainy day, in Hartford, Maine. Ricker, who has two college degrees, has worked as an electronics repairman, a pastor and a TV cameraman. He and his first wife had seven children. Now he receives food stamps and heating fuel assistance and gets donations from a local food pantry. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty)

A photo shows a brochure promoting the Food Stamp Friday event at the Rose Supper Club in Montgomery, Ala., Friday, March 30, 2012. The club will start "Food Stamp Friday" theme nights in April. Manager Harman Wilson says the night is meant to complement the club's other theme nights, such as Fat Tuesday, Karaoke Wednesday or Thirsty Thursday. Wilson says patrons will not be able to use their food stamps to purchase alcoholic beverages. He says he hopes the novel approach will draw people to the club. (AP Photo/Dave Martin)

This undated handout photo provided by Jamie Rodriguez shows Timothy Grimmer. Timothy's father, Dale Grimmer, spent time with the hospitalized boy Thursday in San Antonio, Texas, one day after the boy's 12-year-old sister died. The two children were shot by their mother after being denied food stamps in Texas. (AP Photo/Courtesy of Jamie Rodriguez) NO SALES
In this Saturday, Oct. 16, 2010 photo, Lillie Gonzales discusses growing vegetables in her home garden to help feed her family, in Omao, Hawaii on the island of Kauai. Lillie Gonzales does whatever it takes to provide for three ravenous sons who live under her roof. She grows her own vegetables at home on Kauai, runs her own small business and like a record 42 million other Americans, she relies on food stamps. Gonzales and her husband consistently qualify for food stamps now that Hawaii and other states are quietly expanding eligibility and offering the benefit to more working, moderate income families. (AP Photo/Marco Garcia)

Mayor Michael Nutter's purchases are scanned by a cashier at a ShopRite grocery story Monday, April 23, 2012, in Philadelphia. Nutter pledged Monday to live on the average food stamp benefit of five dollars a day for the entire week. The challenge takes place the week before the planned asset test for food stamps goes into effect in Pennsylvania, which critics say will disqualify thousands of low-income families from food assistance. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)
In this Sept. 15, 2011 photo, Bill Ricker, 74, walks to his trailer in Hartford, Maine. Ricker, who has two college degrees, has worked as an electronics repairman, a pastor and a TV cameraman. He and his first wife had seven children. Now he receives food stamps and heating fuel assistance and gets donations from a local food pantry. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty)


By Stephen Dinan
The Washington Times
Thursday, October 18, 2012

Welfare spending jumps 32 percent in four years

Unemployment-aid applications jump to 388,000

Will the economy improve if President Obama is elected for a second term?


Federal welfare spending has grown by 32 percent over the past four years, fattened by President Obama’s stimulus spending and swelled by a growing number of Americans whose recession-depleted incomes now qualify them for public assistance, according to numbers released Thursday.

Federal spending on more than 80 low-income assistance programs reached $746 billion in 2011, and state spending on those programs brought the total to $1.03 trillion, according to figures from the Congressional Research Service and the Senate Budget Committee.

That makes welfare the single biggest chunk of federal spending — topping Social Security and basic defense spending.

Sen. Jeff Sessions, the ranking Republican on the Budget Committee who requested the Congressional Research Service report, said the numbers underscore a fundamental shift in welfare, which he said has moved from being a Band-Aid and toward a more permanent crutch.

“No longer should we measure compassion by how much money the government spends but by how many people we help to rise out of poverty,” the Alabama conservative said. “Welfare assistance should be seen as temporary whenever possible, and the goal must be to help more of our fellow citizens attain gainful employment and financial independence.”

Welfare spending as measured by obligations stood at $563 billion in fiscal year 2008, but reached $746 billion in fiscal year 2011, a jump of 32 percent.

Complex story
The numbers tell a complex story of American taxpayers’ generosity in supporting a varied social safety net, including food stamps, support for low-income AIDS patients, child care payments and direct cash going from taxpayers to the poor.

By far, the biggest item on the list is Medicaid, the federal-state health care program for the poor, which at $296 billion in federal spending made up 40 percent of all low-income assistance in 2011. That total was up $82 billion from 2008.

Beyond that, the next big program is food stamps at $75 billion in 2011, or 10 percent of welfare spending. It’s nearly twice the size it was in 2008 and accounts for a staggering 20 percent of the total welfare spending increase over those four years.

Several programs to funnel cash to the poor also ranked high. Led by the earned income tax credit, supplemental security income and the additional child tax credit, direct cash aid accounts for about a fifth of all welfare.

Mr. Sessions’ staff on the Senate Budget Committee calculated that states contributed another $283 billion to low-income assistance — chiefly through Medicaid.

Richard Kogan, senior fellow at the liberal-leaning Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, said that while the dollar amounts for low-income assistance are growing, they still represent about the same slice of the budget pie when viewed over the long run. He said the costs may have spiked during the recession, but are projected to drop back to more normal levels once the economy recovers.

“In short, whatever one thinks about the merits or costs of these programs, other than Medicaid, they are contributing nothing to long-run budgetary pressures,” he said.

As for Medicaid, where major spending increases have been made, Mr. Kogan said even there it may be a savings.

“Medicaid provides health care at a noticeably cheaper price than Medicare does, and both are cheaper than the cost of private-sector health insurance,” he said. “The problem is not that the programs are badly designed — it is that the entire health care system in the U.S. is much more expensive than in any other advanced country.”

Combined with several programs also directed at health care, the category made up 46 percent of total welfare spending in 2011.

Mr. Kogan said the cash assistance figure was “a shockingly small amount of money” in the scheme of things.

“Virtually all the rest is in the form of in-kind assistance: Medicaid, SNAP, WIC, housing vouchers, Pell Grants, LIHEAP and child care vouchers; or in the form of direct services, such as community health centers, Title 1 education, foster care, school lunch and Head Start,” he said.

Rather than straight transfers, those other programs provide support for services Congress has deemed worthy of funding. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program that used to be called food stamps; LIHEAP is the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program; WIC is the Women, Infants and Children nutrition program; and Pell Grants provide assistance for college costs.

The conservative Heritage Foundation said roughly 100 million Americans get benefits from at least one low-income assistance program each month, with the average benefit coming to around $9,000.

The think tank estimates that if welfare spending were transferred as straight cash instead, it would be five times more than needed to lift every American family above the poverty line — though many of the programs help those above the poverty line.

Mr. Sessions’ Budget Committee staff said that at current projections, the 10 biggest welfare programs will cost $8.3 trillion over the next decade.

The Congressional Research Service looked at obligations for each program as its measure of spending. It included every program that had eligibility requirements that seemed designed chiefly to benefit those with lower or limited incomes. The report looked at programs that had obligations of at least $100 million in a fiscal year, which meant some small-dollar welfare assistance wasn’t included.

Political wrangle
The report was released as President Obama and Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney fight over the size and scope of government assistance.

Mr. Obama has taken heat from Republicans for a new policy that Republicans argue would remove work requirements from the 1996 welfare reform. The administration said it is merely adding more flexibility for states, which still would have to prove the law is meeting its jobs goals.

Mr. Romney was damaged last month by caught-on-camera remarks in which he said 47 percent of Americans are dependent on government and see themselves as victims.

In Tuesday’s debate, Mr. Romney blasted Mr. Obama for overseeing a 50 percent increase in the number of people on food stamps, which has risen from 32 million to 47 million.

But the two men also share some agreement on safety-net programs. In the debate, Mr. Romney said he wants to increase the Pell Grant program to help low-income students pay for college.


Read more: Welfare spending jumps 32% during Obama's presidency - Washington Times [link widoczny dla zalogowanych]


Ostatnio zmieniony przez palmela dnia Pią 11:34, 19 Paź 2012, w całości zmieniany 1 raz
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